ALEPPO REOPENED

Every war story counts. Do you know how much?

Human stories and economy; we tend to keep these two worlds apart. You would, however, hardly find a better example of how these seemingly contrary phenomenons are connected then the post-war city of Aleppo. How much debris must be cleaned by the people to find human dignity again? How many shops need to be reopened to bring revitalization? And what do the economic numbers actually say?

A project by Jarmila Štukova and Andrej Štuk

Aleppo Reopened!

Taxi driver

Mr. Issa Murra has worked for more than 30 years as a taxi driver in Aleppo.

His customers were mostly businessmen and tourists. The ancient city of Aleppo had a considerable significant income from tourism before the war, also resulting from the fact that it was an official . UNESCO Heritage Site. Before the war, the earnings from tourism in Syria were around $4 billion. It was the second source of foreign currency after oil in 2010. This income has dried up completely.

Source: International monetary fund

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Taxi Driver

Of all the cities in Syria, Aleppo has been impacted the most - 64% of its urban housing has been affected.

Aleppo was the manufacturing center of Syria. A hub for sectors such as pharmaceuticals, textile and garments, chemicals, and agro processing. Many of the industrial zones were the scenes of major war fights and suffered severe damages. The Aleppo zones which were hit the worst have seen 70% or more of their buildings damaged.

Source: The World Bank

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million truck -
kilometers to clear the debris

New Guys on the block

Many children have been born into conflict and exposed to violence.

Studies show that exposure to violent conflicts has long-term effects on generations to come. 3.7 million Syrian children were born as refugees since the conflict began in 2011. School attendance has dropped by more than a half, with over 2 million children in Syria out of school. According to UNICEF, child labor is the predominant reason for the withdrawal of children from schools.

Source: International monetary fund, UNICEF

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Just survive

ASHES
AND DUST

Evidence exists that companies and entrepreneurs, in particular around Aleppo, have left the country, taking with them capital and equipment across the border to the neighboring countries. The total damageincurred in six Syrian cities is estimated between US$3.6 and US$4.5 billion. Overall, the unemployment rate increased from 8.6% in 2010 to a disastrous 52.9% during the war.

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Source: International monetary fund, The World Bank

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Our Scars

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Violence can weaken the quality of labour supplies through direct physical or psychological injury.

Violence also changes labour relations and the types of jobs available. The report reveals that about 538,000 jobs annually vanished in the first four years of the the conflict in Syria and that young people are now facing unemployment rate of 78%.

Source: The World Bank, Save the Children

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Still Alive

Still
alive?

Despite the enormous destruction of the city, Aleppo survivors believe in quick recovery, although surveys about the post-conflict recovery show that a longer-lasting conflict has a more negative impact on the economy and institutions. For instance, it took Lebanon - which experienced 16 years of conflict - 20 years to catch up with the GDP level it enjoyed before the war. For Syria the post-conflict rebuilding period began in 2018 and the economy grows at its trend rate of about 4,5%. Considering the above, it can be estimated that it would take the country about 20 years to reach its pre-war GDP level.

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Source: International monetary fund

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